This department is deals with cultivation of different horticultural crops. Horticulture is a science of plant cultivation. These plants can be trees, grasses, shrubs, herbs, fruits, flowers, vegetables etc. Horticulture is an aesthetic science that deals with the important crops, which are grown in the gardens e.g. vegetable crops in vegetable garden, fruit crops in fruit orchards. Horticulture is a sub specialization of Agriculture and is sometimes referred as a lesser cousin of agriculture. Horticulture Professionals are known as Horticulturists. They work and conduct research in the disciplines of plant propagation and cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry and plant physiology. Horticulture courses prepare the candidate to become Horticulturists. The coursework of Horticulture courses includes the study of improving crop yield, quality, nutritional value, resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses. Horticultural crops play a unique role in any agricultural based economy as these are the most viable option for the small and marginal farmers. They also improve the income of the rural people.

Branches of Horticulture

There are five branches of Horticulture

  • bullet Olericulture (Vegetable culture): This branch deals with the study of vegetable crops. Vegetables are nutritive food of plant origin which are normally cooked before consumption or eaten raw as salad. e.g. Cabbage, Tomato, Fenugreek.
  • bullet Pomology (Fruit Culture): This branch of Horticulture deals with study of different fruit crops. Cultivation, management and other aspects of fruit crops are covered under this branch e.g. Mango, Banana, Grapes.
  • bullet Floriculture and Ornamental Gardening: This branch of Horticulture covers flower crops and ornamental plants. Study of different flower crops and ornamental plants with reference to their production and uses. It also includes gardening, landscaping and beautification of surroundings e.g. Roses, asters, lily, Cactus, Ferns, etc.
  • bullet Post Harvest Technology and preservation: Study of post harvest handling, marketing, and processing of Horticultural crops is covered under this branch. Post harvest management of fruits, vegetables, flowers with their storage, marketing and preservation is studied under this branch e.g. Preparation of jam, jelly, ketchup etc.

Importance of Horticulture:

  • As compared to field crops Horticultural crops give more returns per unit area (More yield in terms of weight and money).
  • Horticulture crops are important as their nutritional status is high. Particularly fruits and vegetables provide high amount of vitamins and minerals to us.
  • Horticulture is important as it beautifies the surroundings.
  • Horticulture crops are suitable for small and marginal farmers.
  • The varieties of crops are available in the Horticulture section with wide range of uses.
  • Horticultural plants improve environment by reducing pollution, conserves soil and water and improve socio-economic status of the farmer.


The department of Horticulture is fully equipped of advance instruments available in department. The following are the instruments

  • Well equipped laboratory
  • Nursery tools and instruments/implements
  • Highly maintained field
  • Highly maintained Horticultural crop nursery
  • Highly maintained mother plant block
  • Shade net house
  • Poly house
  • Wi-Fi facility
  • Over-head Projector


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05 July 2016
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Sau. K.S.K ( Kaku ) College Of Agriculture, Mhasoba Phata, Nagar Road, Beed -431122 .
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Phone :  02442-650701
Fax :  02442- 64650702